Some MS Facts
Fact 1: MS is a disease of the central nervous system in which a person’s immune system attacks the myelin of nerve fibers.
Fact 2: Multiple Sclerosis is not contagious.
Fact 3: A MRI is used to assess disease progression and evaluate if your treatment is working well.
Fact 4: There is a great deal of research around what causes MS, but there is no clear answer.
Fact 5: There are 4 types of MS: Clinically Isolated Syndrome, Relapsing-Remitting, Primary-Progressive, & Secondary Progressive.
Fact 6: Pain is a real symptom of MS.
Fact 7: There is no cure for MS.
Fact 8: There is no way to know or to predict where a lesion is going to occur.
Fact 9: In autoimmune diseases like MS, the immune system thinks that the body’s own cells are foreign invaders.
Fact 10: The MS Society defines a relapse as any new or worsening symptom that lasts for more than 24 hours.
Fact 11: In addition to a relapse, external factors like stress or temperature changes can cause a sudden worsening of symptoms.
Fact 12: Bladder and bowel problems are a common symptom of MS.
Fact 13: Heat can make MS symptoms worse.
Fact 14: People who have MS may experience emotional problems, such as depression, anxiety, mood swings, and stress.
Fact 15: Disease-modifying treatments have been shown to reduce the frequency of relapses.
Fact 16: Fatigue is one of the most common and potentially most disabling symptoms, affecting between 75% and 90% of people.
Fact 17: MS is more prevalent in higher northern and southern latitudes.
Fact 18: Spasticity is a stiffness of the limbs and is common in people with MS. Some may experience a type of muscle spasm.
Fact 19: Optic neuritis is an inflammation of the optic nerve, and is a common symptom of MS.
Fact 20: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis (ie. lumbar puncture) can be used to diagnose a number of neurologic diseases, including MS.
Fact 21: To understand the CNS (Central Nervous System), it’s easiest to picture the nervous system as a tree. The CNS is the tree’s roots and truck.
Fact 22: Cognitive dysfunction, or cog-fog/brain fog, occurs in many people with MS.
Fact 23: MS occurs more frequently in women than in men.
Fact 24: Many people with MS follow specific diets to help manage symptoms, such as the Swank diet, the paleo diet, etc.
Fact 25: Disease-modifying treatments can be given by injection, infusion, or orally.
Fact 26: Clinically significant depression affects up to 50% of people with MS over the course of their lifetime.
Fact 27: In addition to DMTs (Disease Modifying Treatments), there are complimentary & alternative medicines that might be used to help try to manage symptoms.
Fact 28: A diagnosis of MS is called a clinical diagnosis because it requires evidence that your neurologist gathers.
Fact 29: In the US, the number of people with MS is est. to be about 400,000 with approximately 10,000 new cases every year.
Fact 30: MS can affect people of any age. However, it’s most commonly diagnosed in people between the ages of 20 and 50 years.
Fact 31: While research suggests that MS is not directly inherited, genetics appear to play a role in predisposing a person.
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